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100 Year Anniversary of World War One

The Great War - that began on 28 July 1914

Share on Facebook July 28, 2014, Reporter : adaptabletravel, Reader : 401

Tower of London news

Roll-back to June 28th 1914, and the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand, by the Serbian nationalist secret society.  This action is now accepted as the catalyst which set the wheels in motion for the start of WW1.

Below is a summary of the train of events that led to the start of WW1 and Britain's involvement with the war, which very early on was coined the 'Great War':
• 28 July 1914 - Austria-Hungary, declared war on Serbia in response to Seribia’s refusal to accept all terms of the ultimatum following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.

Russia, whom had a treaty with Serbia, joined the war against Austria-Hungary and over a course of six weeks mobilised troops.

• 1st August 2014 - Germany, who was an ally of Austria-Hungary (and whom it had encouraged to wage war on Serbia) viewed the Russian mobilisation as an act of war against Austria-Hungary, and was itself quick to declare war on Russia.

• 3rd August 2014 - France, with a treaty allied to Russia, was now at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.  This very quickly led to Germany invading the neutral Belgium as a strategic shortcut to Paris.

• 4th August 2014, Britain now enters into the war.  This was by subject of a loose treaty with France , which placed a "moral obligation" upon her to defend France.  Thus, Britain declared war against Germany on 4 August 1914.  In addition to France, Britain had a treaty to defend neutral Belgium, and this prompted the King of Belgium to appeal to Britain for assistance on 4th August 1914.  Later that day, Britain officially declared itself in defence of Belgium and France, and therefore was at war with Germany and with Austria-Hungary.

The war was now escalating.
 

What happened after 4th August 1914 to escalate the war?

Britian, still with many colonies around the globe, was instantly offered assistant from many including Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand and South Africa.  United States would not enter the war until 1917, before which the US President, Woodrow Wilson declared a neutral stance, not wanting to get involved in the ‘war in Europe’.

Japan, with a military agreement in place with Britain, declared war on Germany on 23rd August 1914, to which Austria-Hungary responded by declaring war on Japan – the war was becoming global.  Italy initially managed to avoid becoming embroiled in the escalating war due to citing a sub-rule which meant their treaty to defend Germany and Austria-Hungary was only in the event of a ‘defensive war’.  Instead Italy declared a policy of neutrality.  The following year, in May 1915, Italy joined forces with the allies, and rejected Germany and Austria-Hungary.

- See more at: http://www.adaptabletravel.co.uk/latest_news/310/100-year-anniversary-of-world-war-one-the-great-war#sthash.TgIo2ASF.dpuf

How did WWI start? The simplest answer is that the immediate cause was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary. His death at the hands of Gavrilo Princip – a Serbian nationalist with ties to the secretive military group known as the Black Hand – propelled the major European military powers towards war.

The events that led up to the assassination are significantly more complicated, but most scholars agree that the gradual emergence of a group of alliances between major powers was partly to blame for the descent into war.

Roll-back to June 28th 1914, and the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand, by the Serbian nationalist secret society.  This action is now accepted as the catalyst which set the wheels in motion for the start of WW1.

Below is a summary of the train of events that led to the start of WW1 and Britain's involvement with the war, which very early on was coined the 'Great War':
• 28 July 1914 - Austria-Hungary, declared war on Serbia in response to Seribia’s refusal to accept all terms of the ultimatum following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
• Russia, whom had a treaty with Serbia, joined the war against Austria-Hungary and over a course of six weeks mobilised troops.
• 1st August 2014 - Germany, who was an ally of Austria-Hungary (and whom it had encouraged to wage war on Serbia) viewed the Russian mobilisation as an act of war against Austria-Hungary, and was itself quick to declare war on Russia.
• 3rd August 2014 - France, with a treaty allied to Russia, was now at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary.  This very quickly led to Germany invading the neutral Belgium as a strategic shortcut to Paris.
• 4th August 2014, Britain now enters into the war.  This was by subject of a loose treaty with France , which placed a "moral obligation" upon her to defend France.  Thus, Britain declared war against Germany on 4 August 1914.  In addition to France, Britain had a treaty to defend neutral Belgium, and this prompted the King of Belgium to appeal to Britain for assistance on 4th August 1914.  Later that day, Britain officially declared itself in defence of Belgium and France, and therefore was at war with Germany and with Austria-Hungary.

The war was now escalating.
What happened after 4th August 1914 to escalate the war?

Britian, still with many colonies around the globe, was instantly offered assistant from many including Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand and South Africa.  United States would not enter the war until 1917, before which the US President, Woodrow Wilson declared a neutral stance, not wanting to get involved in the ‘war in Europe’.
Japan, with a military agreement in place with Britain, declared war on Germany on 23rd August 1914, to which Austria-Hungary responded by declaring war on Japan – the war was becoming global.  Italy initially managed to avoid becoming embroiled in the escalating war due to citing a sub-rule which meant their treaty to defend Germany and Austria-Hungary was only in the event of a ‘defensive war’.  Instead Italy declared a policy of neutrality.  The following year, in May 1915, Italy joined forces with the allies, and rejected Germany and Austria-Hungary.

The First World War killed 17 million people, traumatised a generation, overturned old empires and changed the world's political order – and yet its origins often remain obscure. 

 

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