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Asia Today ISSN 1861-4604 Sunday, November 19, 2017

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Trump’s decision on Iran deal sparks mistrust, fears of war

US is more isolated than ever

Share on Facebook October 15, 2017, Reporter : BNN, Reader : 418

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WASHINGTON, U.S. - Following U.S. President Donald Trump’s refusal to certify the Iran nuclear deal, Iran has united across the political spectrum and global powers, including key U.S. allies, have said they will stand by the Iran nuclear deal.

Trump has threatened to tear apart the deal and said on Friday that he would stop signing off on the agreement.

Meanwhile, the U.K., France and Germany have said that the pact was “in our shared national security interest.” 

The EU said on Saturday that it was “not up to any single country to terminate” a “working” deal.

On the other hand, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the U.S. was “more isolated than ever.”

He asked while addressing the country, “Can a president annul a multilateral international treaty on his own? Apparently he doesn’t know that this agreement is not a bilateral agreement solely between Iran and the United States.”

In an interview, Iran's foreign minister said that President Trump's decision to declare Iran noncompliant with an Obama-era nuclear deal will harm the United States's credibility with foreign leaders.

Mohammad Javad Zarif, who negotiated the 2015 deal on behalf of Iran, said that Trump's decision sets a precedent that any U.S. foreign policy be viewed as expiring every four years.

Zarif said, “Nobody else will trust any U.S. administration to engage in any long-term negotiation because the length of any commitment, the duration of any commitment from now on with any U.S. administration would be the remainder of the term of that president.”

Zarif added that Tehran would remain in the agreement reached between the U.S., Iran and other world powers. 

He further pointed to other countries' support for the deal, indicating that it would move forward despite Trump's vow to declare the country non-compliant.

In a joint statement, the leaders of Britain, Germany and France defended the deal as "the culmination of 13 years of diplomacy" and "a major step towards ensuring that Iran's nuclear program is not diverted for military purposes."

He said that he hopes for a diplomatic "reset" with the Trump administration.

Adding, “I believe the Trump administration is closing its eyes on the realities of our region. We believe it will be important for the United States, for the Trump administration to exercise a reset in its cognitive disorder with regard to our region.”

On Friday, announcing the decision in a speech at the White House, Trump declared that Iran was in violation of the "spirit" of the agreement.

He stopped short of withdrawing from the deal however. 

He called for the Congress to pass new benchmarks that Iran would need to meet in order to stave off nuclear-related sanctions.

Trump said in his speech, “I am announcing today that we cannot and will not make this certification. We will not continue down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence, more terror and the very real threat of Iran’s nuclear breakout.”

Almost immediately, the Iranian leader issued a televised address, calling Trump a dictator.

Rouhani said, “The Iranian people will not bend down before a dictator. It has never surrendered and will never. No paragraph or article or note will be added” to the deal in order to please Trump. 

Trump stated, “We will not continue down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence, more terror and the very real threat of Iran’s nuclear breakout.”

Meanwhile, former Secretary of State John Kerry, who played an integral role in the negotiations of the deal in 2015, called on other nations to stick to the deal despite Trump's announcement. 

Kerry said in a statement, “I strongly hope that the other six signatories will prove to the world what responsible behaviour is, and adhere to this agreement — no matter what false accusations and contrived provocations are put forward by President Trump.”

In 2015, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed between Iran and the six-nation group including Russia, U.K., China, U.S., France and Germany.

The agreement on the settlement of the long-standing Iran nuclear problem led to the lifting of sanctions introduced against Iran due to its nuclear program by the UN Security Council, the U.S. and the European Union. 

In return, Tehran obliged to limit its nuclear activity by placing it under international control. 

The deal was launched in January 2016.

While Trump certified the deal over the summer, he continued to resent his top aides for pressuring him to do it and even stated publicly in an interview later that he would rather have decertified the agreement.

However, Trump's advisers and foreign counterparts have warned that a complete removal of America from the nuclear deal would isolate it and provide an opening for Iran to rethink its own commitments on reducing nuclear stockpiles.

Speaking on Deutschlandfunk radio, German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel said that Trump had sent a "difficult and dangerous signal" when the U.S. administration was also dealing with the North Korea nuclear crisis.

Gabriel said, ”My big concern is that what is happening in Iran or with Iran from the U.S. perspective will not remain an Iranian issue but many others in the world will consider whether they themselves should acquire nuclear weapons too given that such agreements are being destroyed. And then our children and grandchildren will grow up in a very dangerous world.”

He added, “Then they might revert to developing nuclear weapons,” adding Israel would not tolerate that and "then we will be back where we were 10, 12 years ago with the danger of war relatively close to Europe.”

He urged the United States not to endanger the security of its allies and its own people.

Congress now has 60 days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions against Iran, a move that could leave the United States in violation of the agreement.

BNN

 

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